A national workshop organized Indian Institute of Metals
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New Horizons in Metallurgy, Materials, and Manufacturing

A national workshop organized by Indian Institute of Metals
December 14th - 16th 2020

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New Frontiers in Biomaterials


avatar Prof. Kantesh Balani Department of Materials Science and Engineering,
Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Kanpur-208016, India
  • Bio

    Dr. Kantesh Balani is serving as Head, Advanced Center for Materials Science, IIT Kanpur. He is a full Professor in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Kanpur. He earned his doctorate in Mechanical Engineering from Florida International University, Miami, FL, in 2007. He has published over 160+ articles (h-index of 37, i-10 index of 100+) with over 5800 citations in the peer-reviewed international journals and has presented over 150 talks in the national and international conferences and workshops. He is co-author of the book “Advanced Structural Ceramics” (Wiley, 2011), and “Biosurfaces: From the Perspective of Materials Scientist and Engineer” (Wiley, 2015). He has received several prestigious accolades such as “2018 ASM-IIM Lectureship Award” by IIM and ASM International, Swarnajayanti Fellowship (2017-2022) by the Department of Science and Technology, Govt. of India; Metallurgist of the Year (2016) by Ministry of Steel and Mines, Govt. of India; TMS Materials Processing and Manufacturing Division Young Leader Development Award (2012); P.K. Kelkar Research Fellowship (2013-16), IIT Kanpur, among many others. He is reviewer of over 50 journals and serves as Editor-in-Chief of Nanomaterials and Energy (Institution of Civil Engineering) journal, Principal Editor of Journal of Materials Research (Cambridge University Press) and Key Reader of Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A (Springer). His expertise area of interest are processing and characterization of carbon nanotube (CNT) reinforced biocomposites, nanocomposites and nanotribology, coatings, and ultra-high temperature ceramics.


  • Abstract

    Biomaterials are the evidence of advancements in engineering imbibing foundation of multidisciplinary nature the materials sciences and engineering. The stringent requirements mandate materials to sustain body’s immune response while being exposed to severe corrosive body environment with incidental thermal, mechanical and other unintended environmental shocks. Therein, various classes of material (ceramics, polymers, metals, composites) to attuning these as responsive materials (bioinert, bioactive, bioresorbable to toxic) to their judicious transition into structural and non-structural applications speaks volume of their diverse nature. Accordingly, metals (like stainless steel, Ti-6Al-4V, Co-Cr, etc.) have established itself as prime load-bearing materials, bioactive/bioinert ceramics (such as hydroxyapatite, zirconia, and bio-glass) have proven as exceptional material for bone-scaffolds, whereas polymers have exhibited supremacy for non-wetting surfaces for catheters, blood-bags, and liners for complying to the structural deformations during articulation of mating surfaces. Further, utilization of tailoring cytocompatibility using various additives along with simulated stimuli (i.e. electrical, magnetic or other chemicals) and sensing has led to accurate diagnostics in real time. Visualization of cell-material interaction have also paved a path for choosing the right material for intended biomedical applications. Real-time monitoring and incorporation of therapeutic agents to intervene real-time will strongly encourage use of technology in effective healing.